When most people think of African fabrics, the first thing that comes to mind is African wax print.
Traditional - because they've been sold in African markets since the industrial revolution and many of the original designs are still popular today.
Contemporary - because today's designers are creating new patterns to reflect modern tastes, as well as putting a contemporary spin on traditional designs.
All 100% cotton, made in Ghana by GTP and ATL. We do not sell Chinese copies of African wax prints. Dressmaking/craft weight: 150 grams per metre, approximately.
Fabrics are 115 cm / 45 in wide, approximately. Fat Quarters are 50 x 57 cm / 20 x 22 in, approximately.
Ordering lengths: African wax print fabric is cut into lengths in the factory and a paper label is stuck onto it near one end. We do not send out fabric with that label on it. Therefore, the longest single uncut length we can offer is 4.5 metres. If you order more than 4.5 metres, your fabric will come in more than a single piece. If in doubt, please contact us.
Per Fat Quarter: £4.20 Per metre: £16.80
More: About African wax print
As we point out in our book African Wax Print: A Textile Journey -
'African wax print fabric is a defining methaphor of African design, fashion and expression; an immediately recognisable icon throughout the world'.
All over - but especially West and Central Africa - wax print fabric is worn by women, men and children of every social standing, from humble farmers to elite politicians. It is tailored into elaborate dresses and suits and also worn as a simple wrapper or pagne.
The designs range from distinctively African motifs rooted in history to wacky object-based prints such as shoes, fans, bicycles - almost anything.
Wax print production has always been complex and expensive. In the early days, wax was used to create a resist before dyeing the fabrics in industrial quantities. Some designs also required overprinting by hand using wooden printing blocks.
The original wax resist method gave the fabric its characteristic irregularities:
We call these irregularities the perfect imperfection.
Today, cheap Chinese copies of wax print flood the African market, often smuggled across borders tax free.
To compete, the few surviving African producers have simplified production. Some designs still use a resist, with resin replacing wax. Other designs are now screenprinted using sophisticated industrial technology that replicates the characteristics of wax print.
We do not sell Chinese fabrics. All of our wax print is made in Ghana, either by Vlisco-owned GTP or ATL.
Genuine African wax print is very robust and stands up to years of washing. It's great for colourful and distinctive clothing. Many creative and innovative textile artists are using wax print in their quilts and wallhangings.
More fabric: African Wax Print Indigos
Our acclaimed book: African Wax Print: A Textile Journey
Plus: Vintage printing blocks from ABC Manchester